BI100 (Kuensting) Focus Sheet:  Chapters 18-21  Classification, Bacteria and Viruses, Protists, Fungi, Plants (04/16/09)

This study sheet will be updated as the test/quiz approaches so be sure to check again!
Outline | Makeup Sheet
  • Objectives:
    1. Explain the contribution of Carolus Linnaeus to taxonomy.  Explain his naming and cataloging system from kingdom to species.
    2. Explain the defining characteristics of the kingdoms/domains of organisms: Eubacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plants, Animals.
    3. Explain why the viruses are considered to be nonliving.
    4. Discuss how bacteria and viruses are different from one another.
    5. Describe the two broadly different types of organisms that are included within Protista.
    6. Explain how the fungi are ecologically similar to the bacteria.
    7. List a specific organism and give a complete taxonomic breakdown, from kingdom to species.
  • Terms to Consider:
  • Test Preparation:
  • Ideas/Essays to consider:
    1. Explain the binomial nomenclature of biology.
    2. Distinguish organisms of each of the 5 kingdoms.
    3. List 5 different viral diseases, and 5 different bacterial diseases, and one fungal disease.
    4. How is kingdom Protista an unusual kingdom?
    5. Explain the different types of ecological roles that of the different kingdoms.
    6. List the 7 categories of taxonomy, from most inclusive to least inclusive.
    7. Correctly write the scientific name of humans according to the rules of binomial nomenclature.
  • Test/Quiz Format
    1. There will be some fill-in-the-blanks using the words from the “terms to consider” list above.  Spelling is important!
    2. Be able to list the taxon groups:  kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.  (King Philip Came Over From Germany Satisfied)
    3. There will be one essay question, from the list of essay questions above.
    4. A “true-false” section will cover the details of the notes that cannot be asked with matching or essay questions.
      • NOTE:  AUTOTROPHS include algae and plants; HETEROTROPHS include protozoa, slime molds, fungi.  PROKARYOTES include only the bacteria and archaea; EUKARYOTES include protists, fungi, plants ( and animals which are not on this test).
    5. Matching questions will allow you to associate taxonomic groups with organisms/characteristics.
      1. Matching between microbial organisms and examples:
        A) viruses    B) eubacteria    C) protist     D) fungi
        • bubonic plague; answer = B
        • leprosy; answer = B
        • smallpox; answer = A
        • gonorrhea; answer = B
        • ebola; answer = A
        • influenza; answer = A
        • slime mold; answer = C
        • malaria; answer = C
        • mushroom; answer = D
        • athlete’s foot; answer = D
        • check the chapter outline for more examples!!
      2. Matching between microbial organisms and descriptions:
        A) virus     B) archaean     C) eubacteria     D) slime mold     E) protozoan     F) algae     G) fungi  
        • unicellular prokaryotic, lives in hot springs or gut of cow, answer = B) archaean
        • unicellular, prokaryotic, lives on human skin and in the human colon, answer = C) bacteria
        • multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic, is not a plant, grows in ponds and lakes, answer = F) algae
        • not living and reproduce using the cells of an organism, answer = A) virus
        • fungus-like organism related to a malaria parasite, answer = D) slime mold
        • small single-celled eukaryotic free-living organism that exists in the plankton of a lake, answer = E) protozoan
      3. Be able to write the name Homo sapiens in the correct scientific way.  H is capitalized and all other letters are lowercase.  The whole name is underlined! Example: Homo sapiens
      4. Be able to write the complete taxonomic breakdown from domain to species of one organism.
          white oak: Kingdom Plantae, Phylum/Division Tracheophyta, Class Angiospermae, Order Fagales, Family Facaceae, Genus Quercus, Species alba.
      5. Virus Structure:

      6. Bacterial Structure:

      7. Protist Structure:

      8. Fungi Structure:
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