BI100 (Kuensting) Focus Sheet: Chapters 18-21 Classification, Bacteria and Viruses, Protists, Fungi, Plants (04/16/09)
This study sheet will be updated as the test/quiz approaches so be sure to check again!
Terms to Consider:
- Explain the contribution of Carolus Linnaeus to taxonomy. Explain his naming and cataloging system from kingdom to species.
- Explain the defining characteristics of the kingdoms/domains of organisms: Eubacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plants, Animals.
- Explain why the viruses are considered to be nonliving.
- Discuss how bacteria and viruses are different from one another.
- Describe the two broadly different types of organisms that are included within Protista.
- Explain how the fungi are ecologically similar to the bacteria.
- List a specific organism and give a complete taxonomic breakdown, from kingdom to species.
- binomial nomenclature, taxon, prokaryote, algae, protozoa, decomposer, spore.
Ideas/Essays to consider:
- Explain the binomial nomenclature of biology.
- Distinguish organisms of each of the 5 kingdoms.
- List 5 different viral diseases, and 5 different bacterial diseases, and one fungal disease.
- How is kingdom Protista an unusual kingdom?
- Explain the different types of ecological roles that of the different kingdoms.
- List the 7 categories of taxonomy, from most inclusive to least inclusive.
- Correctly write the scientific name of humans according to the rules of binomial nomenclature.
- There will be some fill-in-the-blanks using the words from the “terms to consider” list above. Spelling is important!
- Be able to list the taxon groups: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. (King Philip Came Over From Germany Satisfied)
- There will be one essay question, from the list of essay questions above.
- A “true-false” section will cover the details of the notes that cannot be asked with matching or essay questions.
- NOTE: AUTOTROPHS include algae and plants; HETEROTROPHS include protozoa, slime molds, fungi. PROKARYOTES include only the bacteria and archaea; EUKARYOTES include protists, fungi, plants ( and animals which are not on this test).
- Matching questions will allow you to associate taxonomic groups with organisms/characteristics.
- Matching between microbial organisms and examples:
A) viruses B) eubacteria C) protist D) fungi
- bubonic plague; answer = B
- leprosy; answer = B
- smallpox; answer = A
- gonorrhea; answer = B
- ebola; answer = A
- influenza; answer = A
- slime mold; answer = C
- malaria; answer = C
- mushroom; answer = D
- athlete’s foot; answer = D
- check the chapter outline for more examples!!
- Matching between microbial organisms and descriptions:
A) virus B) archaean C) eubacteria D) slime mold E) protozoan F) algae G) fungi
- unicellular prokaryotic, lives in hot springs or gut of cow, answer = B) archaean
- unicellular, prokaryotic, lives on human skin and in the human colon, answer = C) bacteria
- multicellular, eukaryotic, photosynthetic, is not a plant, grows in ponds and lakes, answer = F) algae
- not living and reproduce using the cells of an organism, answer = A) virus
- fungus-like organism related to a malaria parasite, answer = D) slime mold
- small single-celled eukaryotic free-living organism that exists in the plankton of a lake, answer = E) protozoan
- Be able to write the name Homo sapiens in the correct scientific way. H is capitalized and all other letters are lowercase. The whole name is underlined! Example: Homo sapiens
- Be able to write the complete taxonomic breakdown from domain to species of one organism.
white oak: Kingdom Plantae, Phylum/Division Tracheophyta, Class Angiospermae, Order Fagales, Family Facaceae, Genus Quercus, Species alba.
- Virus Structure:
- Bacterial Structure:
- Protist Structure:
- Fungi Structure:
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