AP Bio Study Sheet: Cell Structure
  • Chapter Objectives
    1. Describe how the following scientists were important to the development of cell theory: Anton von Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke, Matthias Schleiden, Theodor Schwann, Rudolf Virchow.
    2. List and describe the basic characteristics of life.
    3. Distinguish between the following cell types: bacterial, unicellular eukaryotes, fungal cells, plant cells, animal cells.
    4. Describe the main differences between a eukaryotic and a prokaryotic cell.
    5. State the cell theory and what it means.
    6. List, diagram, and explain the function of the following cell parts: cell membrane, ribosome, mitochondrion, golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum (smooth and rough), chloroplast, lysosome, nucleus, microtubule, cilia, flagella, cytoskeleton, cell wall, desmosome, tight junction, gap junction.
    7. Explain the functions and differences between tight junctions, desmosomes, and gap junctions.
    8. Explain how a light microscope works. What is the difference between a monocular microscope and a dissecting scope?
    9. Explain how a transmission electron microscope and a scanning electron microscope work, and the differences between them.
    10. Explain how differential centrifugation works.
  • Terms:

  • Diagrams to consider for the test:
  • Things to consider for the test:
    1. Be sure you have answered ALL questions on the pages of this Biozone Unit
    2. Be sure you can define each of the terms listed above.
    3. Be able to explain each of the diagrams listed above.
    4. Be sure you understand and can answer questions made directly from the chapter objectives listed above.
    5. Campbell Reference Chapters: Chapter 6